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Inclusive is defined as the sense of belonging whereby you feel respected, appreciated for who you are without any inhibitions, being supported by others in areas where you can’t make so that you can perform much better than you where previously. Inclusion is a big positive change in an organizations culture. This process gives an opportunity for all parties to be involved fully and it gives people in a certain organization a sense of belonging and this at long run gives an organization the opportunity to attain its goals and became successful in the long run. This is because individuals will function in full capacity when they feel more valued and when they realize that they are included in the general mission of the organization. This change in the paradigm shift brings about highly rated performances in an organization because the workers are motivated and their morale is high.
According to an author Constance McGrath, she explains that the two terms have the same meaning and they can as a result be used interchangeably but distinctively they are different. This is because; diversity is more of variety than inclusion which is geared towards bringing people together. (MacGrath, 2007)
In education, the term inclusion is used to mean the approach which is used in educating needy students who have special educational needs and not like their counterparts who may not be disabled. In the inclusion model, students who are disabled spend more time with their nondisabled counterparts and this brings in the feeling of being wanted and acceptance. However this policy varies due to the varying level of disability among various individuals. Those who are severe are not usually included. This is because the education dissemination among them will not be at par.
This policy on inclusion differs greatly with the past notions of integration and also mainstreaming. This is because they deal so much with disability and the requirements for the education of the special needs students neglecting the others. They seem to be more biased on one side instead of merging them both together. On the contrast, inclusion is all the basic right for the child to take part in all the activities expected from them and the schools responsibility to accept them and give them that chance without discriminating on their state. Inclusion basically rejects the common practice of having schools for special students which ends up splitting the students with disabilities from the ones who are not disabled. A collective responsibility is geared towards enabling the full participation n of the students who have special needs and at the same time respecting their social education and al so the vital civil rights. And for this reason, there is no distinguishing between general educations of the none-disabled students and the special education. But rather they are reorganizes such that all the students get the opportuni9ty of learning together. (Khalsa, 2005)
Inclusion is of two types that is the regular inclusion which is also called the partial inclusion and the full inclusion. In education, inclusive does not mean total inclusion but it means some form of integration. This is to mean students with special needs will be going to classes with students without special needs for the best part of the day or even at least half of the day and later they can go for special classes for their own. On the event that the student does not seem to understand something when they are thought the instructor should take an extra time to give instruction until the student is at par with the rest of the students. This therefore calls for all the teachers to have an extra training in special needs so that they can be effective when giving out instructions. On the other part, full inclusion is involved with educating the children with special needs alongside children without special needs while keeping up with the required supports and also the services which may be required. Most educators claim that this is more appropriate for the students with special needs. On the extreme cases, full inclusion may include the bringing together of all the students even those who require extreme education and support for their behavior so that they can be able to succeed in their education as their counterparts. (Keogh, 1996)
Advantages of inclusion
Disadvantages of inclusion
Inclusion is very critical in the upgrading of the education of the disabled children. This is because they are incorporated into the society and thus they feel part of it. This has also given them equal opportunities to compete in the same level field with their counterparts. The few setbacks should thus be addressed and the specific challenges should be ironed out in order to make inclusion a success.